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Europe or Africa?
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Europe or Africa?: A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla

Peter Gold


Ceuta and Melilla are two enclaves on the northern coast of Africa that have been Spanish for centuries, but which are claimed by the Kingdom of Morocco. As an integral part of Spain, the towns have also been part of the territory of the European Union since 1986. Their unique situation has created considerable tension in the relationship (both political and economic) between Spain and Morocco. As well as looking at this relationship, this book explains how the anomalous situation of the enclaves impinges on issues such as immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa into the EU, defence, tra ... More

Keywords: Morocco, European Union, political tension, economic tension, African immigration, North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, defence, trade, Spanish politics

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2000 Print ISBN-13: 9780853239857
Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846313066


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Peter Gold, author