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Extending Themselves
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Extending Themselves: User Initiated Transformations of Government-built Housing in Developing Countries

Graham Tipple


Many countries have large stocks of government-built housing which, for various reasons, are in poor physical conditions and/or do not conform to the expectations of occupants, who frequently make unauthorised but quite considerable changes and extensions (transformations) to their dwellings. This book examines user-initiated transformations to government-built housing in Bangladesh, Egypt, Ghana, and Zimbabwe, surveyed in a research programme sponsored by the UK Department for International Development. The 1600 dwellings surveyed show how relatively low-income households are capable of suppl ... More

Keywords: government-built housing, occupants, extensions, dwellings, user-initiated transformations, Bangladesh, Egypt, Ghana, Zimbabwe, International Development

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2000 Print ISBN-13: 9780853235040
Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846313097


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Graham Tipple, author