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Black 1919Riots, Racism and Resistance in Imperial Britain$
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Jacqueline Jenkinson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312007

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846315138

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date: 12 November 2018

Repatriation to the colonies: the government solution to the riots and some Caribbean consequences

Repatriation to the colonies: the government solution to the riots and some Caribbean consequences

Chapter:
(p.155) Chapter 5 Repatriation to the colonies: the government solution to the riots and some Caribbean consequences
Source:
Black 1919
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781846312007.003.0006

This chapter investigates the British government responses to the port riots, specifically the scheme of paid ‘repatriation’, and describes the government discussions on whether to allow British-born dependants to accompany black male colonial workers. The repercussions of the repatriation of up to 2,000 black workers, particularly to Britain's Caribbean colonies, are then explored. It is shown that the different levels of ‘Britishness’ persisted when it came to repatriation arrangements, with black and Arab colonial Britons banished far behind white British colonials. In addition to the repatriation drive, the government employed colonial resettlement schemes to promote the emigration of black people from Britain, which, however, left the problem of long-term unemployment for black and Arab sailors unresolved. At least in the short term, repatriation seemed to be a successful policy in metropolitan Britain.

Keywords:   port riots, British government, repatriation, Caribbean colonies, colonial resettlement, Britain, unemployment

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