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Black 1919Riots, Racism and Resistance in Imperial Britain$
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Jacqueline Jenkinson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312007

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846315138

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date: 25 November 2017

Aftermath: global reverberations, self-help, alien status and further riots

Aftermath: global reverberations, self-help, alien status and further riots

Chapter:
(p.190) Chapter 6 Aftermath: global reverberations, self-help, alien status and further riots
Source:
Black 1919
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781846312007.003.0007

This chapter addresses the short- and longer-term effects of the port riots, including the situation faced by black British workers and their families in the inter-war period and the government response to continued high unemployment in the ports, which saw many black Britons reclassified as ‘aliens’ in order to limit their job opportunities. The immediate aftermath of the riots showed many workers from the settlements continue to struggle to find employment. It is shown that the port riots were globally important in Britain. The central government agencies mostly dismissed the complexity of unemployed black and Arab sailors around the ports in Britain. By the end of the inter-war period, there had been an improvement in the employment situation of black and Arab sailors. In general, the riots of 1919 did not bring an end to the violence targeted at black and Arab sailors around Britain's ports.

Keywords:   port riots, black British workers, government, unemployment, Britain, Arab sailors, inter-war period, aliens

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