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Argentina's Partisan PastNationalism and the Politics of History$
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Michael Goebel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312380

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317149

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date: 20 November 2017

The deepening polarisation: the proscription of Peronism and Its politics of history, 1955–66

The deepening polarisation: the proscription of Peronism and Its politics of history, 1955–66

Chapter:
(p.108) Chapter Three The deepening polarisation: the proscription of Peronism and Its politics of history, 1955–66
Source:
Argentina's Partisan Past
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317149.004

This chapter examines the implications that changes in narratives about national history and identity between 1955 and 1966 have had for the understanding of nationalism in twentieth-century Argentina. Bent on eradicating what they saw as the cancer of Perónism from Argentina's political culture, yet lacking a popular mandate to do so, the uncompromisingly ‘liberal’ leaders of the Liberating Revolution turned to the most formulaic version of mitrismo to legitimize their power. Their discourse rested on an association of Perónism with nacionalismo, which, in the light of these currents' conflictive relationship before 1955, was exaggerated but, thanks to Aramburu and Rojas' policies, became increasingly real. In reaction, the Perónist rank and file began to appropriate revisionism for its own purposes, employing it as a political weapon to counter official narratives. By 1958 the dividing lines between these contrary discourses were sufficiently entrenched to hinder the newly elected President Frondizi from successfully moulding an ‘integrationist’ synthesis. The politics of history were thus both symptom and cause of a deepening crisis of political legitimacy.

Keywords:   national history, national identity, nationalism, Argentina, historical revisionism, Perónism, political legitimacy

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