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Slavery, Abolitionism and Empire in India, 1772-1843$
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Andrea Major

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317583

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317255

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date: 24 November 2017

Bengalis, Caffrees and Malays: European Slave-holding and Early Colonial Society

Bengalis, Caffrees and Malays: European Slave-holding and Early Colonial Society

Chapter:
(p.85) 3 Bengalis, Caffrees and Malays: European Slave-holding and Early Colonial Society
Source:
Slavery, Abolitionism and Empire in India, 1772-1843
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317255.007

This chapter focuses on the ambiguous status of domestic slaves, and their owners' attitudes towards them, in colonial India during the early eighteenth and late nineteenth centuries. In particular, it examines the dynamics of the master–slave relationship and what they reveal about British colonial identity in the East Indies. The chapter first looks at servants and slaves employed in the colonial home before turning to the slaves who were advertised for sale or recapture, especially those of South East Asian or African descent such as Malays, Caffrees, and Bengalis. It then considers British slaveholding in India as well as the brutal practices of the East India Company's commercial rivals in the West Indies. The chapter also discusses the resistance by Indian servants and slaves to the violence they received from their European masters.

Keywords:   India, slaves, master–slave relationship, East Indies, servants, slaveholding, East India Company, West Indies, violence

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