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Black Poor and White PhilanthropistsLondon's Blacks and the Foundation of the Sierra Leone Settlement 1786–1791$
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Stephen J. Braidwood

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780853233770

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317293

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date: 22 November 2017

The Founding Fathers

The Founding Fathers

Chapter:
(p.5) 1: The Founding Fathers
Source:
Black Poor and White Philanthropists
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317293.002

A small but notable number of black people lived in Britain during the latter part of the eighteenth century, most of them concentrated in London. Some of these blacks, known as the Black Poor, would embark on an expedition in April 1787 to establish a settlement in West Africa. The expedition was organised by a small group of white philanthropists and backed by the British government. White interest in a West African settlement was driven by a number of historical factors that reflect the varying attitudes to Africa which were prevalent in late eighteenth-century Britain. The Atlantic slave trade provided the main contact between Britain and Black Africa during the period. This chapter provides a background on the Black Poor in London and the role of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, in the conception of the plan to build a settlement in West Africa. In particular, it looks at the important roles played by John Fothergill, Henry Smeathman, and Granville Sharp.

Keywords:   Britain, Black Poor, settlement, West Africa, Quakers, black people, slave trade, John Fothergill, Henry Smeathman, Granville Sharp

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