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Black Poor and White PhilanthropistsLondon's Blacks and the Foundation of the Sierra Leone Settlement 1786–1791$
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Stephen J. Braidwood

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780853233770

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317293

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date: 19 June 2018

The Province of Freedom

The Province of Freedom

Chapter:
(p.181) 4: The Province of Freedom
Source:
Black Poor and White Philanthropists
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317293.005

On May 10, 1787, the Sierra Leone expedition reached ‘Frenchman's Bay’, Sierra Leone. Captain Thomas Boulden Thompson, commander of one of the ships, H. M. S. Nautilus, signed a treaty with the African ruler ‘King Tom’ to purchase the land. This first settlement was called the Province of Freedom. In addition to disease, many practical problems plagued the settlement in its early days. Granville Sharp was not discouraged by the heavy mortality which befell the crew, insisting that it was not caused by the climate. Determined not to abandon the settlement, he began to organise a relief expedition, known as the Myro expedition, to bring more supplies and new settlers to compensate for the deaths of the Black Poor due to disease. Sharp also proposed to form a company to trade with the Sierra Leone settlement, to be called St. George's Bay Company. This chapter examines the establishment of the Province of Freedom and the reasons for its eventual failure.

Keywords:   Sierra Leone, settlement, Thomas Boulden Thompson, Province of Freedom, Granville Sharp, Myro expedition, trade, St. George's Bay, Black Poor, disease

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