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Sea-MarkThe Metaphorical Voyage, Spenser to Milton$
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Philip Edwards

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780853235125

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317415

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date: 20 January 2019



(p.199) Conclusion
Liverpool University Press

The period from Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene to John Milton's Paradise Lost highlights a centuries-long argument on the moral implications of travel and exploration. Europe's divided mind over the ethics of voyaging underlies the divided mind of the English Renaissance writers in employing the metaphor of the voyage. The mind's division between faith in the voyage and distrust of it is most evident in Christopher Marlowe's plays. Francis Bacon is the most enthusiastic and confident user of the metaphor of the voyage as a proper image for the proper life. William Shakespeare, in Macbeth, suggests that navigation is a fundamental image of life.

Keywords:   Edmund Spenser, John Milton, voyage, metaphor, travel, navigation, ethics, exploration, Francis Bacon, William Shakespeare

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