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Markets, Market Culture and Popular Protest in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland$
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Adrian Randall and Andrew Charlesworth

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780853237006

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317422

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date: 24 November 2017

The Jack-A-Lent Riots and Opposition to Turnpikes in the Bristol Region in 1749

The Jack-A-Lent Riots and Opposition to Turnpikes in the Bristol Region in 1749

Chapter:
(p.46) Chapter 3 The Jack-A-Lent Riots and Opposition to Turnpikes in the Bristol Region in 1749
Source:
Markets, Market Culture and Popular Protest in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland
Author(s):
Andrew Charlesworth, Richard Sheldon, Adrian Randall, David Walsh
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317422.004

This chapter examines popular opposition to turnpikes in the Bristol region in 1749. It explains that Turnpike disturbances appear to have begun in the region in 1727 with the passage of two Acts which affected the roads running eastward from Bristol through Kingswood Forest. The chapter suggests that the 1749 Jack-a-Lent protests were a turning point in terms of open opposition to turnpikes in the West of England because they were mobilised through and structured around customary rituals and symbols which reveal both the richness of plebeian culture and the ability of the common people to draw upon such customs to create a countertheatre of opposition.

Keywords:   turnpikes, popular opposition, Bristol region, Jack-a-Lent protests, customary rituals, plebeian culture, common people, countertheatre of opposition

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