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Black SaltSeafarers of African Descent on British Ships$
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Ray Costello

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318184

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317675

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date: 22 November 2017

Destination Uncertain

Destination Uncertain

Chapter:
(p.17) Chapter Two Destination Uncertain
Source:
Black Salt
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317675.004

This chapter explores the journey of black seamen to England. The seamen of the African Diaspora experienced risks at sea beyond those of weather conditions and enemy. Free black sailors faced as much danger of being sold into slavery as the unfortunate children of African kings. The practice of kidnapping the traders who were considering the slaves was slightly inexpedient. Olaudah Equiano was an Igbo of south-west Nigeria and served as an enslaved seaman in the earlier part of his life. Adam Jema was curious even for the slave trade era. Black sailors determined important friends and allies to help them in their hour of need.

Keywords:   black sailors, England, African Diaspora, slavery, kidnapping, Olaudah Equiano, enslaved seaman, Adam Jema, slave trade

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