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Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815$
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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317118

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317699

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date: 21 November 2017

Insurgents and Counter-Insurgents between Military and Civil Society from the 1790s to 1815

Insurgents and Counter-Insurgents between Military and Civil Society from the 1790s to 1815

Chapter:
(p.182) 12 Insurgents and Counter-Insurgents between Military and Civil Society from the 1790s to 1815
Source:
Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815
Author(s):

Alan Forrest

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317699.012

Insurgents and guerrillas occupied an ambiguous place between military and civil society, which helps to explain why they aroused fear in others and posed a threat to the Revolutionary and Imperial state. Insurgency and lawlessness were always intertwined in frontier regions, and local people turned for protection in wartime to those who had often served their apprenticeship as bandits or smugglers. Indeed, there was little contradiction between smugglers and bandits, who turned effortlessly into local freedom fighters. This chapter focuses on the men (and sometimes women) who clearly contravened the boundaries between civilians and soldiers: insurgents and counter-insurgents who wreaked havoc in Europe between 1792 and 1815. It argues that civilians were not necessarily passive victims, but accounted for some of the bloodiest actions during the war.

Keywords:   Europe, insurgents, guerrillas, counter-insurgents, civilians, soldiers, war, bandits, smugglers

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