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Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815$
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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317118

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317699

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date: 20 November 2017

Invasion and Occupation: Civilian-Military Relations in Central Europe during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1

Invasion and Occupation: Civilian-Military Relations in Central Europe during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1

Chapter:
(p.225) 15 Invasion and Occupation: Civilian-Military Relations in Central Europe during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1
Source:
Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815
Author(s):

Leighton S. James

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317699.015

During the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, the armies of France in German central Europe committed numerous atrocities against civilians, the most common of which were robbery and looting. Survivors chronicled their horrible experiences in diaries, letters, and memoirs published after the climax of the war. Works by Karen Hagemann, Ute Planert, and Katherine Aaslestad have exposed the complexities of military–civilian relations in southern Germany, Prussia, and Hamburg, respectively. This chapter examines the hardships – namely, looting, violence, requisitioning, and disease – experienced by civilians in Central Europe at the hands of the French soldiers during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. It challenges the traditional nineteenth-century narrative of the wars in which German nationhood was solidified by military occupation and subjugation, and shows that some civilians were able to profit from the war to enrich themselves.

Keywords:   Revolutionary wars, Napoleonic wars, military occupation, Central Europe, civilians, soldiers, Germany, France, looting, violence

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