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Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815$
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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317118

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317699

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date: 20 November 2017

War, Property and the Bonds of Society: England's ‘Unnatural’ Civil Wars

War, Property and the Bonds of Society: England's ‘Unnatural’ Civil Wars

Chapter:
(p.52) 4 War, Property and the Bonds of Society: England's ‘Unnatural’ Civil Wars
Source:
Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815
Author(s):

Barbara Donagan

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317699.004

In 1639 and 1640, England waged war with Scotland and lost convincingly. A year later, rebellion erupted in Ireland and culminated in another war in the summer of 1642, this time pitting King Charles I against his parliament. Parliament emerged victorious, but a new war with Scotland erupted in 1650–1651. The protectorate of Oliver Cromwell replaced the divisions and instability of parliamentary rule, only to see Charles II, the son of the executed Charles I, restored to the throne in 1660. During these decades of war and unsettled peace, the boundaries between civilians and soldiers were unstable. This chapter examines how civilians reconciled their harrowing experience of warfare to peacetime society after the English Civil War, looking in particular at how civilians responded to plunder and attempted to recover the property, such as chattel goods, taken during wartime.

Keywords:   England, Civil War, civilians, plunder, chattel goods, property, Ireland, Scotland, parliament, warfare

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