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Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815$
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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317118

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317699

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date: 24 November 2017

Civilians, the French Army and Military Justice during the Reign of Louis XIV, circa 1640–1715

Civilians, the French Army and Military Justice during the Reign of Louis XIV, circa 1640–1715

Chapter:
(p.100) 7 Civilians, the French Army and Military Justice during the Reign of Louis XIV, circa 1640–1715
Source:
Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815
Author(s):

Markus Meumann

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317699.007

Military justice is central to the relationship between civilians and warfare. This is because the military's judicial apparatus is designed not only to prosecute those who violate military discipline but also to protect the civilian population from assaults by soldiers and any violations of the laws of war. During the period spanning the second half of the seventeenth century until the death of Louis XIV, king of France, in 1715, the nature of military–civilian relations was influenced by warfare. Civilians in early modern Europe were most often affected by war due to military logistics, army provisioning, and associated consequences such as billeting and contributions. This chapter examines the impact of French military justice on civilians under Louis XIV, and how the state administered and maintained the military discipline needed to protect civilian populations from abuses by the army. In particular, it describes military discipline, and the conduct of the French army towards civilians during the Thirty Years War and the Franco-Spanish War.

Keywords:   Louis XIV, military justice, civilians, army, France, military discipline, warfare, military jurisdiction, Thirty Years War, Franco-Spanish War

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