Science fiction writers of the 1980s borrowed ideas from the works of the 1970s, but the genre and its reception both underwent a radical transformation. Authors such as William Gibson and Bruce Sterling created a new subgenre known as cyberpunk to belittle and scoff at their predecessors, with the latter instead giving credit to the New Wave of the 1960s, rather than the 1970s. Jean Baudrillard and Jean-François Lyotard proposed descriptions of postmodernism and were later joined by Fredric Jameson, while Donna Haraway came up with her version of the cyborg as a new feminist identity that draws upon existing science fiction to question notions of sex, race and class. Tom Moylan coined the term ‘critical utopia’ in works such as Demand the Impossible (1986) and Triton (1976).
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