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Contagion and EnclavesTropical Medicine in Colonial India$
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Nandini Bhattacharya

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318290

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317835

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date: 21 October 2018

Disease and Colonial Enclaves

Disease and Colonial Enclaves

(p.1) Chapter 1 Disease and Colonial Enclaves
Contagion and Enclaves
Liverpool University Press

From the eighteenth to the twentieth century, the practices of colonialism in the tropical world were informed by the epistemologies and therapeutics of Western science and medicine. In their conquest and colonisation of the non-European territories, Europe imbued its practices of settlement with the dread of ‘tropical diseases’. This book situates the history of tropical medicine within the political and economic contexts of colonialism. In particular, it explores the relationship between tropical medicine, the colonial state, and colonial enclaves in India by focusing on two enclaves in north Bengal: the hill-station of Darjeeling and the adjacent tea plantations. The chapter argues that the plantations and sanatoriums of the Darjeeling hill-station were coterminous enclaves, in part due to factors such as political economy, geographical proximity, and similarities in colonisation processes and colonial investments.

Keywords:   India, colonisation, tropical medicine, colonial enclaves, colonialism, Darjeeling, tea plantations, sanatoriums, hill-station, tropical diseases

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