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Contagion and EnclavesTropical Medicine in Colonial India$
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Nandini Bhattacharya

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318290

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317835

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date: 17 December 2018

Pioneering Years in Plantation and Medicine in Darjeeling, Terai and Duars

Pioneering Years in Plantation and Medicine in Darjeeling, Terai and Duars

(p.53) Chapter 3 Pioneering Years in Plantation and Medicine in Darjeeling, Terai and Duars
Contagion and Enclaves
Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on the expansion of tea plantations in the three tea plantations of northern Bengal in colonial India: Darjeeling, Terai, and Duars. The enclave of Darjeeling was designed to protect Europeans from tropical diseases, while the plantation enclave was established based on modes of heroism and adventure associated with the colonisation of ‘diseased’ lands. Entrepreneurs, with support from the government in the form of land grants, introduced plantation crops such as coffee and tea and commercialised the farming of apples and strawberries. Agriculture received a boost from extensive research on transplantation and the acclimatisation of foreign species in different parts of the British Empire. The chapter examines the formation of colonial enclaves in tea plantations in northern Bengal, the expansion of tea cultivation in the region, and the practice of medicine, including indigenous medicine, along with entrepreneurism in the plantation.

Keywords:   Bengal, India, tea plantations, Darjeeling, colonial enclaves, British Empire, medicine, entrepreneurism, Terai, Duars

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