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Contagion and EnclavesTropical Medicine in Colonial India$
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Nandini Bhattacharya

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318290

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317835

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date: 22 November 2017

Habitation and Health in Colonial Enclaves: The Hill-station and the Tea Plantations

Habitation and Health in Colonial Enclaves: The Hill-station and the Tea Plantations

Chapter:
(p.184) Chapter 8 Habitation and Health in Colonial Enclaves: The Hill-station and the Tea Plantations
Source:
Contagion and Enclaves
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317835.008

This book has explored the relationship between tropical medicine and colonial enclaves in India under British rule. Decolonisation within the British Empire dissolved this relationship, and Darjeeling became an important part of the wider colonial polity and economy of northern Bengal over the nineteenth century. Darjeeling functioned as a European social enclave and seasonal administrative centre, a site for the planters of the hill area, and an aspirational social site of rejuvenation for the Bengali elites, all at the same time. The tea plantations in the Darjeeling district and in the adjoining Duars were managed mostly by European personnel and assumed a dual identity as porous enclaves. Paternalism and individualism characterised the provisions of health care for the labourers in the plantations. This chapter examines the structural changes that occurred in Darjeeling after India gained independence and their impact on the medical infrastructure of Darjeeling as well as the tea plantations.

Keywords:   India, independence, tropical medicine, colonial enclaves, Darjeeling, tea plantations, health care, decolonisation, paternalism, planters

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