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Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World$
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Charles Forsdick and David Murphy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310546

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846319808

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date: 20 October 2018

The End of the Republican Empire (1918–62)

The End of the Republican Empire (1918–62)

(p.205) Chapter 16 The End of the Republican Empire (1918–62)
Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World

Philip Dine

Liverpool University Press

France's modern colonial empire lasted more than a century, from the Algiers Expedition of 1830 to Algerian independence in 1962. Throughout this period, however, the French empire was weak both structurally and conceptually. Many intellectuals challenged it, and this hostility had its ideological roots in the oxymoron ‘Republican empire’. This chapter explores the fundamental contradiction between republican principles and colonial practices in France, with an emphasis on the intellectuals' use of the paradigm of the French Republic itself. It looks at French decolonisation and Francophone anti-colonialism during the period, as well as the mobilisation of republican discourse, which may be subdivided into three rhetorical constructs: Republic of Laws, Republic of Letters, and Republic of Revolutions. The chapter also discusses each of these constructs in relation to liberty, equality, and fraternity.

Keywords:   France, Republican empire, decolonisation, anti-colonialism, Republic of Laws, Republic of Letters, Republic of Revolutions, liberty, equality, fraternity

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