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Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World$
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Charles Forsdick and David Murphy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310546

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846319808

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date: 22 October 2018

Francophone Island Cultures: Comparing Discourses of Identity in ‘Is-land’ Literatures

Francophone Island Cultures: Comparing Discourses of Identity in ‘Is-land’ Literatures

(p.238) Chapter 19 Francophone Island Cultures: Comparing Discourses of Identity in ‘Is-land’ Literatures
Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World

Pascale De Souza

Liverpool University Press

The contribution of island cultures to postcolonial debate has received little attention from scholars. While Caribbean literature and authors have generated much interest, literature from the Mascarenes and the South Pacific remains largely ignored not only in Francophone research conducted in Europe or North America but also in Anglophone postcolonial discussions of regional identity. In Une tempête (1969), Aimé Césaire provides a narrative that allows the island to emerge as a locale where identity, place, and being in time can overlap. Such a quest for alternative discourses is echoed in the search for a dialogue between the Caribbean, the Mascarenes, and the South Pacific. This chapter examines the cultures of Francophone islands, compares discourses of identity in ‘is-land’ literature, and also discusses the three concepts of négritude, créolité, and Indianité.

Keywords:   Caribbean literature, island cultures, Mascarenes, South Pacific, is-land literature, négritude, créolité, Indianité, discourses of identity, Francophone islands

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