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Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World$
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Charles Forsdick and David Murphy

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310546

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846319808

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date: 20 October 2018

Frantz Fanon: Colonialism and Violence

Frantz Fanon: Colonialism and Violence

(p.77) Chapter 5 Frantz Fanon: Colonialism and Violence
Postcolonial Thought in the French-speaking World

Max Silverman

Liverpool University Press

Frantz Fanon was born in 1925 in Martinique, one of France's colonies at the time. In 1943 he was posted in Morocco and France to fight with the Free French forces against fascism and collaboration. After the war Fanon returned to Martinique to complete his education, but came back to France in 1946 to study medicine and then to specialise in psychiatry in Lyons. This chapter first provides a brief overview of his life and career before turning to the major stages of his thought. It examines some of Fanon's major works such as Black Skin, White Masks, A Dying Colonialism (1959), Toward the African Revolution, and The Wretched of the Earth, and also considers his commitment to the struggle for Algeria's independence and the cause of Third World liberation politics. Finally, the chapter looks at the legacy of Fanon's thought, particularly on colonialism and violence, in the field of postcolonial studies.

Keywords:   Frantz Fanon, Martinique, France, postcolonial studies, Algeria, independence, liberation politics, African Revolution, colonialism, violence

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