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Decolonising the IntellectualPolitics, Culture, and Humanism at the End of the French Empire$
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Jane Hiddleston

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781781380321

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781380321.001.0001

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date: 17 December 2017

Frantz Fanon Experiments in Collective Identity

Frantz Fanon Experiments in Collective Identity

Chapter:
(p.111) 3 Frantz Fanon Experiments in Collective Identity
Source:
Decolonising the Intellectual
Author(s):

Jane Hiddleston

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781781380321.003.0004

Critics seem to agree that there is not one but many incarnations of the postcolonial intellectual Frantz Fanon. This chapter responds to this sense of the mutability of Fanon's persona by examining the ways in which he represents the intellectual writing self in his texts, and by analysing the different forms of collective identity with which he experiments. The first section tracks the changing stance of the narrating voice in the apparently autobiographical Peau noire, masques blancs. Fanon's text presents a perplexed persona who, alienated both by colonialist racist discourse and by his position as a francophone intellectual in the margins of colonised society, nervously alters the identity of the self he stages. The second section of this chapter turns to Les Damnés de la terre, and discusses how Fanon sets about reinventing the twin concepts of national culture and humanism in more decisive terms.

Keywords:   Fanon, racism, colonialism, nationalism, humanism

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