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Mrs Stone & Dr SmellieEighteenth-Century Midwives and their Patients$
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Robert Woods and Chris Galley

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381410

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381410.001.0001

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date: 16 December 2017

The new obstetrics

The new obstetrics

Chapter:
(p.234) 7 The new obstetrics
Source:
Mrs Stone & Dr Smellie
Author(s):

Robert Woods

Chris Galley

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781781381410.003.0007

This chapter examines changes in midwifery practice in France, England, and Scotland between the last decades of the seventeenth century and the middle of the nineteenth century. It places the work of midwives such as Sarah Stone, William Smellie, William Hunter, and Thomas Denman into a wider context by focusing on patient outcomes. It also considers the techniques used by individual practitioners and sets them against the more general evidence of long-term decline in mortality during the period. The chapter begins with an overview of midwifery practice from the early eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century practice, with particular emphasis on the extent of knowledge of gynaecology and obstetrics among some medical practitioners. It then describes innovations in midwifery practice and goes on to discuss two original English texts written by William Giffard and Edmund Chapman. It also analyses Sarah Stone's work, Edward Rigby's treatment of uterine haemorrhage, how midwives treated infectious disease, and the impact of midwifery on patient outcomes.

Keywords:   midwifery practice, England, midwives, patient outcomes, obstetrics, William Giffard, Sarah Stone, Edward Rigby, uterine haemorrhage, infectious disease

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