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Surrealism, Science Fiction and Comics$
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Gavin Parkinson

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381434

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381434.001.0001

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date: 18 October 2018

Surrealism and Jules Verne: Depth of Subtext in a Collage by Max Ernst

Surrealism and Jules Verne: Depth of Subtext in a Collage by Max Ernst

(p.16) 1. Surrealism and Jules Verne: Depth of Subtext in a Collage by Max Ernst
Surrealism, Science Fiction and Comics

Abigail Susik

Liverpool University Press

Surrealism combines discourses of science, modernity, adventure, and documentary reality with modalities of fiction in crucial ways that resonate with the rise of SF in the mid-twentieth century. Even more fundamental than this assertion, Surrealism is connected to SF through its pursuit of the farthest limits of the known – the ability of consciousness and imagination to stretch past evident knowledge and rational deduction. In this regard, it is helpful to examine one of the few explicit references to Jules Verne in Surrealism that has been so far overlooked, which will serve to illuminate some aspects of Surrealism’s affinity with SF as well as the nature of its reception of Jules Verne This is the collage by German Surrealist Max Ernst from chapter eight of his first collage novel La Femme 100 têtes [The Hundred Headless Woman] (1929). Captioned ‘Fantômas, Dante et Jules Verne,’ this concatenation of temporal references from the twelfth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries suggests that the Surrealist conception of Verne centred upon his projected lineage in a particular strain of European fiction that extended far back in time, and that is what will be argued in this chapter.

Keywords:   Jules Verne collage science roman scientifique

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