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Knights Across the AtlanticThe Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland$
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Steven Parfitt

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781781383186

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781383186.001.0001

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date: 19 February 2019

Organisation, Culture and Gender

Organisation, Culture and Gender

(p.79) 3 Organisation, Culture and Gender
Knights Across the Atlantic

Steven Parfitt

Liverpool University Press

Knights drew on a rich and varied array of cultural traditions and practices, including the ritual conducted at each assembly meeting. This chapter looks at how British and Irish Knights engaged with those traditions and practices, and how they sought to replicate the fraternal culture of their American Order across the Atlantic. It examines major cases where British workers not attached to the assemblies nevertheless adopted the Order’s model for their own ends. This chapter then asks why British and Irish Knights were so unsuccessful at recruiting women where American Knights had been so successful, and finds the answer in differences between British and American reform traditions, cultural divergences, and connections between class battles and gender attitudes.

Keywords:   gender, feminism, temperance, fraternalism, pubs, benefit societies, ritual, secrecy, masculinity

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