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From Christianity to JudaismStory of Isaac Orobio de Castro$
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Yosef Kaplan

Print publication date: 1989

Print ISBN-13: 9780197100608

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780197100608.001.0001

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Philosopher, Communal Leader, Physician

Philosopher, Communal Leader, Physician

Chapter:
(p.179) 7 Philosopher, Communal Leader, Physician
Source:
From Christianity to Judaism
Author(s):

Yosef Kaplan

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9780197100608.003.0007

This chapter addresses Isaac Orobio de Castro's critique of the Arbor Scientiæ (1663) of the Franciscan theologian Raymond Lull. Having read the translation of Spanish officer don Alonso de Zepeda, Orobio composed a short tract. In this treatise, Orobio did not set out to deal with Lull's theology in full. Rather, he chose to rain shattering blows on the way in which Lull had attempted, in accordance with his overall system, to prove the existence of the holy trinity, also questioning the methodological structure on which Lull's religious philosophy was in general based. Meanwhile, the speed with which Orobio integrated himself into the Portuguese-Jewish community is eloquent not only of the extent to which the congregation had attuned itself to the social and spiritual absorption of crypto-Jews reverting to Judaism, but also of Orobio's own readiness to play an active part in the communal life of its membership. The chapter then considers Orobio's medical practice in Amsterdam.

Keywords:   Isaac Orobio de Castro, Arbor Scientiæ, Raymond Lull, Alonso de Zepeda, holy trinity, religious philosophy, Portuguese-Jewish community, crypto-Jews, Judaism, medical practice

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