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From Christianity to JudaismStory of Isaac Orobio de Castro$
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Yosef Kaplan

Print publication date: 1989

Print ISBN-13: 9780197100608

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780197100608.001.0001

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The Intellectual World of Isaac Orobio de Castro

The Intellectual World of Isaac Orobio de Castro

(p.308) 11 The Intellectual World of Isaac Orobio de Castro
From Christianity to Judaism

Yosef Kaplan

Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the intellectual world of Isaac Orobio de Castro. A great respect for Seneca and for the Stoics of antiquity is to be felt in writings of Orobio and others of the Portuguese community. Its source lies quite certainly in the neo-Stoic revival in Spain at the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the seventeenth. Members of the Amsterdam congregation swelled the ranks of this new veneration for Seneca under the impress of contemporary Spanish thought. The chapter then considers scholasticism and ‘fideistic scepticism’. While from scholasticism Orobio took the conceptual basis of his thinking, in a significant amount of what he wrote, one may distinguish his openness to the critique of scepticism, and particularly of that fideistic scepticism that had struck root in intellectual Catholic circles in western Europe, with France as its centre. The chapter also reflects on Orobio's political and social attitudes.

Keywords:   Isaac Orobio de Castro, Seneca, Stoics, Portuguese community, Amsterdam congregation, Spanish thought, scholasticism, fideistic scepticism

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