This chapter provides the commentary for Joseph of Exeter's The Trojan War, which includes Iliadum lacrimas or the author's use for various synonyms for Troy or Trojan. It explains the two wars that refer to the first sacking of Troy by Hercules and the second by Agamemnon and the humble voice as a self-deprecation or 'humility topos' that is regularly employed by medieval writers. It also contains the laughter of the mob and several other derogatory references to the lower classes that show that Joseph was unhappy about his origins. The chapter mentions Dares, who was supposed to have been an eyewitness to the second Trojan War and a much more reliable source than Homer or Virgil. It talks about the bride Medea, who helped Jason in his expedition to Colchis to obtain the Golden Fleece.
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