This chapter provides commentary on William of Newburgh's History of English Affairs, Book I. The crucial theatre of action in the revolt of 1088 was Kent and Sussex, where William I faced his principal opponent, his uncle Bishop Odo of Bayeux. When Odo and his main supporters fell into the king's hands with the surrender of Rochester castle in July, this signalled the end of any serious threat to William's possession of the throne. Meanwhile, after his coronation, Henry I, aware of his vulnerability to attack, wrote respectfully to Anselm explaining the circumstances of his accession and asking the archbishop to return to England as quickly as possible. Though Anselm was anxious, on his return to England in 1100, for good relations with the king, he refused to do homage, to be invested by him with his archbishopric or to consecrate bishops-elect who had accepted investiture.
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