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Homer: OdysseyBooks I and II$
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Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780856684692

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856684692.001.0001

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Basic Homeric Grammar

Basic Homeric Grammar

Chapter:
(p.26) Basic Homeric Grammar
Source:
Homer: Odyssey
Author(s):
P. V. Jones
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9780856684692.003.0002

This chapter covers the basic Homeric grammar for Homer's poems of the Odyssey. For nouns, it includes the first, second, and third declension, of which some lack contraction. It includes some pronouns that are considered common, while others remain unchanged in declension or are observed with Homeric alteration. The Homeric grammar on verbs have person endings, verb tenses, moods, infinitives, and contracted verbs. It also mentions suffixes that are used to create adverbs and prepositions in Attic Greek that were originally adverbs and have pure adverbial force in Homer. The adverbs are best taken as prefixes to the verb, while particles show that a remark is generalizing.

Keywords:   Homeric grammar, Homer, Odyssey, declension, Homeric alteration, Attic Greek, adverbial force

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