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Aristotle: On Sleep and Dreams$
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David Gallop

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780856686740

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856686740.001.0001

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Text and Translation

Text and Translation

(p.59) Text and Translation
Aristotle: On Sleep and Dreams
David Gallop
Liverpool University Press

This chapter provides the text and translation of Aristotle's three essays on sleep and dreams: De Somno et Vigilia, De Insomniis, and De Divinatione per Somnum. In De Somno Aristotle shows what affection sleeping and waking are by explaining what part of the animal is affected in these states and from what cause each of them arises. Aristotle explains in De Insomniis that dreams are the work of the imagination and are considered presentations due to traces of perception that reach awareness during sleep. It looks at the hypothesis that 'people always dream when asleep, but do not remember' anticipates the view that people fail to remember by far the greater part of what they dream. Aristotle points out in De Divinatione that foreknowledge may be gained from dreams, but only from those that are 'signs' or 'causes'.

Keywords:   Aristotle, sleep, dreams, De Somno et Vigilia, De Insomniis, De Divinatione per Somnum, imagination

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