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Augustine: De Civitate Dei The City of God Books I and XII$
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Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780856687525

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856687525.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
Augustine: De Civitate Dei The City of God Books I and XII
P. G. Walsh
Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on Augustine, who is the sole bishop of Hippo since 396 to 397 and had achieved cult status as the leading apologist for Christian orthodoxy in Africa. It explains how Augustine wrote an extended contrast between Jerusalem and Babylon, the city of God and the secular city. It also mentions Augustine's City of God, which culminated the patristic tradition of Christian apology in the West during the mid-second century. The chapter looks at Augustine's central criticism of Roman religion, which implies that the Roman gods are demonic spirits that impersonate humans. It explores the basic belief on which Augustine constructs his work, the contrast between the city where injustice and violence reign and the city of justice and peace.

Keywords:   Augustine, City of God, apologist, Christian orthodoxy, Roman religion, Roman gods

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