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De Civitate Dei Books III and IV$
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Augustine and P.G. Walsh

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780856687594

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856687594.001.0001

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Text & Translation of Book IV

Text & Translation of Book IV

(p.104) Text & Translation of Book IV
De Civitate Dei Books III and IV
P.G. Walsh
Liverpool University Press

This chapter provides the original text and translation of Book IV of Augustine's The City of God. It investigates the nature and the roles of the gods that the demons impersonate and demonstrate how the pagan religion is riddled with illogicalities and improbabilities. It also discusses the deities to whom the Romans ascribe the prosperity of their empire, the prominence of abstract deities, and the attitudes of Roman intellectuals towards their gods. The chapter describes how Augustine roundly condemns rampant imperialism and describes how the Roman gods had no care for the welfare of the state. It cites the evidence of Pompeius Trogus on the claim that Ninus, king of the Assyrians, was the first ruler in history to launch aggressive wars.

Keywords:   Augustine, The City of God, Book IV, pagan religion, abstract deities, Roman intellectuals

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