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Sophocles: Selected Fragmentary PlaysVolume I$
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Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780856687655

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856687655.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

Troilus

Troilus

Chapter:
(p.196) Troilus
Source:
Sophocles: Selected Fragmentary Plays
Author(s):

Alan H. Sommerstein

David Fitzpatrick

Thomas Talboy

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9780856687655.003.0008

This chapter discusses Sophocles's play Troilus, which describes the most vicious of all the actions that is traditionally attributed to Achilles killing Troilus, a son of Priam that was hardly out of boyhood. It explores the combination of murder, sacrilege and mutilation that was too rich for the poet of the Iliad, wherein his Achilles can certainly be brutal. It also investigates how Iliad mentions Troilus only once and implies that the young prince was slain by Achilles in battle like so many of his brothers. The chapter reviews Proclus' summary of the cyclic epic in which Troilus's story was told. It analyses the Cypria in which Achilles “murders” Troilus and considers its early popularity in art. It looks at the Homeric version of Troilus's death that is followed by Virgil and Quintus of Smyrna, for whom Homer served as a model.

Keywords:   Sophocles, Troilus, murder, sacrilege, mutilation, Proclus, cyclic epic, Homeric version

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