This chapter provides the commentary for Book V of Augustine's The City of God, which covers the discussion of fate, free will, and Providence. It includes Roman virtues or good in themselves that were motivated by the desire for glory, honour, and dominion, which are in contrast with Christian attitudes. It also examines the Roman Empire that was ordained by God and is governed by his providence, and explores the virtues of Christian emperors, specifically Constantine the Great and Theodosius. Augustine has offered a positive view of the Roman imperial achievement as he refuted the claim of his opponents that the Roman success was attributable to pagan deities. The chapter reviews Augustine's alternative explanations offered against his conviction that the empire flourished through God's dispensation.
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