This chapter provides the text and translation of Book VIII of St. Augustine's The City of God, in which Augustine gets to grips with the promised topic of the blessed life after death. It is devoted to a survey of pre-Platonist philosophy, which is divided between the traditions in Italy and in Ionia. After paying dutiful tribute to Socrates as the founder of moral philosophy, Augustine commences his analysis of Plato with a brief biographical survey and with the claim that he was responsible for the threefold division of philosophy into physics, ethics, and logic. It also recounts how Augustine devoted himself to the study of Platonism in the translations of Marius Victorinus, paying particular attention to the writings of the Neoplatonist Plotinus. Augustine reassures fellow Christians that the scriptures can arm them with full knowledge of the creator God and that Platonism provides similar teaching on this issue.
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