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Augustine: De Civitate Dei The City of God Books XI and XII$
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Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780856688720

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856688720.001.0001

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De Civitate Dei

De Civitate Dei

(p.10) Book XI

(p.9) De Civitate Dei
Augustine: De Civitate Dei The City of God Books XI and XII
P.G. Walsh
Liverpool University Press

This chapter provides the text and translation of Book XI of St. Augustine's The City of God. It highlights how Augustine argued against those who follow Aristotle in maintaining that the universe has always existed and against the followers of Plato who admitted that the universe was created, but in the remote mists of eternity. It also considers the levels of creation, wherein angels are naturally higher than men, but by the law of righteousness (iustitia) good men rank above wicked angels. The chapter covers the conflict between the goodness of nature and the malice of will. God's unchangeable knowledge of the future foresaw the division between light and darkness, as well as the good which was to accrue from the light.

Keywords:   St. Augustine, The City of God, Book XI, Aristotle, iustitia, good men, wicked angels

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