This chapter provides the text and translation of Book XII of St. Augustine's The City of God, which resumes the discussion of the Creation and focuses on refuting standard objections to the Christian tradition. The natural goodness of all creation merits praise, and the reason why the good angels enjoy blessedness while the wicked angels experience misery lies in their varying attitudes to that praise. It seeks the possible reason for the perverse will that led to the secession of the wicked angels. It also mentions how Augustine first rejects the belief that the human race has always existed, citing the Platonist Apuleius as the spokesman for the mistaken belief. The chapter addresses questions about how God promised the gift of everlasting life before time began and how the theory of periodic cycles square with God's unchanging purpose.
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