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Augustine: De Civitate Dei The City of God Books VI and VII$
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Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780856688782

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9780856688782.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

Text & Translation of Book VII

Text & Translation of Book VII

Chapter:
(p.70) Text & Translation of Book VII
Source:
Augustine: De Civitate Dei The City of God Books VI and VII
Author(s):
P.G. Walsh
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9780856688782.003.0003

This chapter provides the text and translation for Book VII of St. Augustine's The City of God, which resumes his analysis of Terentius Varro's Res Diuinae with a systematic scrutiny of his choice of the select gods, since worship of them occupies the preponderant part of the Roman religion. It records the catalogue of the twenty most important deities and challenges the appropriateness of the selection, suggesting that Vitumnus (life-giver) and Sentinus (sensation-giver) play more important roles than many of the twenty. Statues of the gods in human form, Varro argues, indicate the close relationship between the human and the divine mind. Augustine argues strongly against this view, claiming that such portrayals in human shape convey an unworthy notion of the gods. It also offers further detail of Varro's theology, in which the world is composed of mind and body, and the mind is God.

Keywords:   Book VII, St. Augustine, The City of God, Terentius Varro, deities, Vitumnus, Sentinus, divine mind

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