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Deferred Dreams, Defiant StrugglesCritical Perspectives on Blackness, Belonging, and Civil Rights$
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Violet Showers Johnson, Gundolf Graml, and Patricia Williams Lessane

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781786940339

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781786940339.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 06 June 2020

Beyond the Ethnographic Other: Pan-African Activism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Beyond the Ethnographic Other: Pan-African Activism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

(p.33) 3 Beyond the Ethnographic Other: Pan-African Activism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Deferred Dreams, Defiant Struggles

Thomas E. Smith

Liverpool University Press

Chapter details how the proliferation of imperial progressivism in transatlantic reformer discourse was seized upon by Pan-African activists at the turn of the twentieth century, in order to challenge the harsh dichotomy of the ethnographic other, claim subjectivity for African peoples, and invoke a host of expansive rights central to valid and meaningful participation in modern society. It also briefly discusses Pan-Africanism during the interwar years, notably the participation of many activists in a burgeoning transatlantic print culture. The chapter argues that while turn-of-the-century Pan-African activism did not stop imperialism, racialized violence, paternalism, or crass racism, it did establish a recognisable transatlantic network which helped to keep alive the promise of humanist equality and laid the groundwork for later activism that continued to challenge its deferment.

Keywords:   Pan-African activism, The ethnographic Other, Imperial progressivism, White supremacy, The American Negro Exhibition 1900, Paternalism, Greater Britain Exhibition 1899, The London Pan-African Conference 1900, The Buffalo Pan-American Exposition 1901, Racial difference

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