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Post-Migratory Cultures in Postcolonial France$
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Kathryn Kleppinger and Laura Reeck

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781786941138

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781786941138.001.0001

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‘Double discours’: Critiques of Racism and Islamophobia in French Rap

‘Double discours’: Critiques of Racism and Islamophobia in French Rap

Chapter:
(p.147) ‘Double discours’: Critiques of Racism and Islamophobia in French Rap
Source:
Post-Migratory Cultures in Postcolonial France
Author(s):

Chong J. Bretillon

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781786941138.003.0009

This chapter offers a racial reading of French Muslim identities in contemporary French culture by exploring the representation of anti-Muslim discrimination in rap music by professed Muslim rappers of both white, ‘native-born’ French and ‘minority’ African/North African backgrounds. An analysis of songs limited to the past ten years demonstrates the crescendo in rhetoric about Muslims that emphasizes their purported racial difference from majority France, a departure from a model based on immigrant difference. I then demonstrate how white rappers, converts to Islam, disrupt the common view of Islam as foreign, and ultimately show that rappers consider Islam as more open and universalist than French identity itself.

Keywords:   race, racial identity, French rap, Muslim, whiteness, citizenship, Islam

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