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Fascism and Constitutional ConflictThe British Extreme Right and Ulster in the Twentieth Century$
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James Loughlin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781786941770

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.001.0001

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Ulster and the Context of British Fascism

(p.1) Introduction
(p.iii) Fascism and Constitutional Conflict

James Loughlin

Liverpool University Press

This section identifies the influence of Irish developments in establishing the context in which British proto-fascism developed in the early years of the twentieth century. It has a focus on the British Brothers League (BBL) which emerged in the wake of the large influx into London of mainly Jewish immigrants from western Russia and identifies antisemitism as a central factor driving the development of the BBL and as an element of later fascist movements. It also registers the factors that limited the BBL’s development, a mainly one-issue movement whose demands were met by the Aliens Act of 1905, narrow geographic recruitment and the lack of a charismatic leader. This section also examines the significance of the threatened Ulster rebellion of 1912-14 as a factor influencing inter-war debate about the prospects for successful fascist revolt in Britain.

Keywords:   proto-fascism, Irish developments, antisemitism, immigration, limitations

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