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Fascism and Constitutional ConflictThe British Extreme Right and Ulster in the Twentieth Century$
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James Loughlin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781786941770

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.001.0001

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The British Union of Fascists and Northern Ireland (II)

The British Union of Fascists and Northern Ireland (II)

The Ulster Fascists

Chapter:
(p.95) 3 The British Union of Fascists and Northern Ireland (II)
Source:
Fascism and Constitutional Conflict
Author(s):

James Loughlin

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.003.0004

This chapter examines the emergence and activities of the BUF- sponsored Ulster Fascists, a regional formation heavily influenced by the great surge of support for the BUF in Britain when Lord Rothermere threw his support behind Mosley in 1933, encouraging the belief that a Mosley Government would soon be in power. The chapter demonstrates the problems the UF faced in a largely hostile environment, with opposition from the Unionist authorities and labour and socialist organisations; and eventually by the Irish News, the main organ of nationalist and Catholic opinion in Northern Ireland and which had given it a high degree of publicity. It was affronted by UF defence of Nazi repression in Germany, especially denial of persecution of the Catholic Church, and by differences on moral issues between the BUF and Catholic teaching. Failing to prosper in a political context offering little space for externally inspired parties, the UF suffered internal divisions and collapsed in early 1935.

Keywords:   Ulster Fascists, BUF, Irish News, Catholicism, opposition, division, collapse

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