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Fascism and Constitutional ConflictThe British Extreme Right and Ulster in the Twentieth Century$
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James Loughlin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781786941770

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.001.0001

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Union Movement

Union Movement

Exploiting Partition, 1946–1966

Chapter:
(p.143) 4 Union Movement
Source:
Fascism and Constitutional Conflict
Author(s):

James Loughlin

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.003.0005

This chapter focuses on the place of the partition question in the politics of the Union Movement, Mosley’s new organisation intended to deliver on his political ambitions in the post-war era. Learning from the failure of the Ulster fascists in the 1930s, no attempt was made to organise in Northern Ireland. Instead, on Ireland the UM focused its attention on the immigrant Irish community in Britain and in terms of Mosley’s new political project, Europe-A-Nation. In this neo-fascist scenario Irish unity was envisioned as taking place when Ireland as a whole joined the new European project. At one level advanced in its conception of European union, its prospects for realisation were remote given Mosley’s now pariah status in Britain, its departure from traditional nationalist conceptions of Irish unity and the failure of his movement to attract significant immigrant Irish support, graphically demonstrated at the North Kensington contest during the 1959 general election, when Mosley failed to even secure his deposit. Political failure, however, would lead to more realist assessments of the nature of the Northern Ireland problem in the later 1960s.

Keywords:   Mosley, Union Movement, Europe-A-Nation, neo-fascism, immigrant Irish, Irish unity, Anti-partitionism

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