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Contested Identities in Costa RicaConstructions of the Tico in Literature and Film$
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Liz Harvey-Kattou

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781789620054

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781789620054.001.0001

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The Creation of Tiquicidad and Theories of National Identity

The Creation of Tiquicidad and Theories of National Identity

(p.11) Chapter One The Creation of Tiquicidad and Theories of National Identity
Contested Identities in Costa Rica

Liz Harvey-Kattou

Liverpool University Press

This chapter delves into the psyche of Costa Rica’s identity, providing a historical and sociological analysis of the creation of the dominant – tico – identity from 1870 to the present day, framing these around theories of colonial discourse. Considering work by postcolonial scholars such as Benedict Anderson, Frantz Fanon, Homi Bhabha, Gayatri Spivak, and Judith Butler, it explores how the discourse of centre and ‘Other’ has been created within the nation. It then provides a historical account of ‘Otherness’ within the nation, detailing the existence and rights won by Afro-Costa Rican, feminist, and LGBTQ+ groups, detailing a framework of hybrid subalternity which will be used to consider the challenges put forward to dominant national identity in chapters two and three.

Keywords:   National identity, Tico, Tiquicidad, Postcolonial theory, Ethnicity, Gender, Sexuality, Subalternity, Internal ‘Others’

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