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Hidden Texts, Hidden Nation(Re)Discoveries of Wales in Travel Writing in French and German (1780-2018)$
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Kathryn N Jones, Carol Tully, and Heather Williams

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781789621433

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781789621433.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 16 April 2021

Landscape, Industry, Piety

Landscape, Industry, Piety

Wales as a Site of Inspiration in Travel Writing in French from 1780 to 1905

(p.27) Chapter One Landscape, Industry, Piety
Hidden Texts, Hidden Nation

Kathryn N. Jones

Carol Tully

Heather Williams

Liverpool University Press

French texts written during the French Revolution, the period of rapid industrialization that followed it, and the 1904-1905 Welsh Revival are shown to reflect concerns in France. Following the Revolution the young Republic was grappling with the reinvention of its own past, and both the Gauls and Celts came into vogue. This is reflected in the development of travelogues to Wales, in which Switzerland, the dominant Romantic point of comparison slowly gives way to a concern with Celticness, and Brittany becomes the preferred prism through which to view Wales. A wish to view industrial progress and feats of engineering first hand is the other factor responsible for the huge increase in French travelogues to Wales during the course of the nineteenth century. By the start of the twentieth century however, the industrial communities of south Wales are the setting for a religious Revival, and travelogues from this period interpret the Revival as a specifically Welsh phenomenon. The chapter concludes that the Revival narratives constitute a paradigmatic shift, as continental travellers begin to view Wales on its own terms, rather than through the filters of Switzerland, Brittany or England.

Keywords:   French Revolution, Émigrés, Brittany, Industrial History, Religious Revival

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