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Ecocritics and EcoskepticsA Humanist Reading of Recent French Ecofiction$
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Jonathan F. Krell

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781789622058

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781789622058.001.0001

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Deep Ecology Gone Wrong: J.-C. Rufin’s Globalia and Le Parfum d’Adam

Deep Ecology Gone Wrong: J.-C. Rufin’s Globalia and Le Parfum d’Adam

(p.151) Chapter 6 Deep Ecology Gone Wrong: J.-C. Rufin’s Globalia and Le Parfum d’Adam
Ecocritics and Ecoskeptics

Jonathan F. Krell

Liverpool University Press

In Globalia and Le Parfum d’Adam J.-C. Rufin explores what could go wrong with the environmentalist movement, if it were co-opted by unwise or greedy leaders. Globalia is the sole country in a dystopian world governed according to the principles of deep ecology: vegetarianism, strict protection of forests and animals, and zero population growth. It is a sterile, climate-controlled world, covered by domes. “Non-zones” outside the domes are homes to mobsters, warring tribes, and resistants. They constitute a feared outside enemy which serves to unite most Globalians in support of their totalitarian government. This novel echoes Alexis de Tocqueville’s fear that a “tyranny of the majority” might someday rule the United States. Le Parfum d’Adam is a thriller about ecoterrorists who, obsessed by the deep ecology principle that world population must decrease, plot to contaminate the water system of a huge favela of Rio de Janeiro. They believe that poor people—too busy surviving to think about ecology—are destroying the planet.

Keywords:   Jean-Christophe Rufin, Globalia, Le Parfum d’Adam, La Dictature libérale, rust, material ecocriticism, Catherine Larrère, Alexis de Tocqueville, ecoterrorism, deep ecology

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