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Italy's SeaEmpire and Nation in the Mediterranean, 1895-1945$
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Valerie McGuire

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781800348004

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781800348004.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 09 December 2021

Belonging in the Archipelago: Nation, Race, and Citizenship

Belonging in the Archipelago: Nation, Race, and Citizenship

Chapter:
(p.141) Chapter Three Belonging in the Archipelago: Nation, Race, and Citizenship
Source:
Italy's Sea
Author(s):

Valerie McGuire

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781800348004.003.0004

In their later period, European empires invented new forms of citizenship to affirm their imperial sovereignty and respond to increasing resistance from colonial subjects. Inspired by citizenship laws in French colonial Algeria, Italy adopted a special form of citizenship for the Southeast Aegean that fits in with this broad trend. But the application of it also presents some peculiarities related to diasporic modalities of Italian citizenship. The chapter retraces how Italian Aegean nationality was reshaped by the large-scale emigration practiced by the local population; like their Italian rulers, the natives of the Aegean depended on remittances from their family members living abroad. In ways that closely echoed the transformation of Italian citizenship to account for hundreds of thousands of Italian emigrants abroad, the Italian state chose to make this local citizenship increasingly robust so as to be able to include Aegean diaspora communities of the Mediterranean. While the application of the citizenship was revised after the invasion of Ethiopia and the establishment of colonial anti-miscegenation or race laws, the original formulation of it in the 1920s has implications for some former colonial subjects of the Aegean.

Keywords:   Citizenship, Italian race laws, Colonial Egypt, Jewish communities, Ottoman collapse, World War One, Ethiopia, Aegean, Zionism

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