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Italy's SeaEmpire and Nation in the Mediterranean, 1895-1945$
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Valerie McGuire

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781800348004

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781800348004.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 09 December 2021

Everyday Fascism in the Aegean

Everyday Fascism in the Aegean

(p.195) Chapter Four Everyday Fascism in the Aegean
Italy's Sea

Valerie McGuire

Liverpool University Press

Italy’s rule in the Southeast Aegean is nearly synonymous with the locution, una faccia, una razza (one face, one race), and has shaped cultural representations as well as oral narratives about the occupation. Previously, studies have linked this trope to the myth of Italians as ‘good people’. Without discounting the possibility that the local community may have had positive relations and experienced benefits to Italian rule, this chapter assesses to how the trope may encapsulate a lived experience of the deeply nationalist ideology that underpinned the Italian empire. Oral and archival sources make visible the ways that the local population was brought into Italian nation-building projects. Carrying forward the book’s larger discussion of citizenship and belonging, the chapter focuses in particular on the Italian state’s language policy in the Aegean as one of the key instruments adopted in order to spread a wider sense of belonging to the Italian empire. It considers how these forms of national belonging have lived on in present-day ideas about European identity.

Keywords:   Fascism, Nationalism, Education, Aegean, Religion, Memory, Oral history

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